NARENDRA MODI LIFE HISTORY

Personal Life Story

Narendra Modi’s life has been a journey of courage, compassion and constant hardwork. At a very young age he had decided to devote his life in service of the people. He displayed his skills as a grass root level worker, an organiser and an administrator during his 13 year long stint as the Chief Minister of his home state of Gujarat, where he ushered a paradigm shift towards pro-people and pro-active good governance.

Formative Years

Narendra Modi’s inspiring life journey to the Office of Prime Minister began in the by-lanes of Vadnagar, a small town in North Gujarat’s Mehsana district. He was born on the 17th of September 1950; three years after India had gained its Independence. This makes him the first Prime Minister to be born in independent India. Mr. Modi is the third child born to Damodardas Modi and Hiraba Modi. Mr. Modi comes from a family of humble origins and modest means. The entire family lived in a small single storey house which was approximately 40 feet by 12 feet.

Narendra Modi’s formative years taught him early tough lessons as he balanced his studies, non-academic life to spare time to work at the family owned Tea Stall as the family struggled to make ends meet. His school friends remember that as a child also he was very industrious and had an affinity for debates and a curiosity to read books. Schoolmates recollect how Mr. Modi used to spend many hours reading in the local Library. As a child he was also fond of swimming.

Mr. Modi’s thoughts and dreams as a child were quite removed from how most children of his age thought. Perhaps it was the influence of Vadnagar which once used to be a vibrant center of Buddhist learning and spirituality many centuries ago. As a child also he always felt a strong urge to make a difference to society. He was highly influenced by the works of Swami Vivekananda which laid the foundation of his journey towards spiritualism and which inspired him to pursue the mission to fulfill Swamiji’s dream of making India a Jagat Guru.

At the age of 17 he left home to travel across India. For two years he travelled across the expansive landscape of India exploring various cultures. When he returned home he was a changed man with a clear aim of what he wanted to achieve in life. He went to Ahmedabad and joined Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS). RSS is a socio-cultural organisation working towards the social and cultural regeneration of India. It was a tough routine for Narendra Modi in Ahmedabad since 1972 when he became a Pracharak for RSS. His day began at 5 am and went on till late night. Late 1970s also saw a young Narendra Modi join the movement to restore Democracy in India which was reeling under Emergency.

While continuing to shoulder different responsibilities within the Sangh during the 1980s Narendra Modi emerged as an Organizer exemplar with his organizing skills. In 1987 a different chapter began in the life of Mr. Modi when he started work as the General Secretary of the BJP in Gujarat. In his first task Mr. Modi won a victory for the BJP in Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation elections for the first time ever. He also ensured that the BJP was a close second to the Congress in the 1990 Gujarat Assembly elections. In the 1995 Assembly elections Mr. Modi’s organizational skills ensured the BJP’s vote share increased and the party won 121 seats in the Assembly.

Mr. Modi worked as the National Secretary of BJP from 1995 looking after party’s activities in Haryana and Himachal Pradesh. As BJP’s General Secretary Organisation he worked to ensure the BJP won the 1998 Lok Sabha elections. It was in September 2001 that Mr. Modi received a phone call from then Prime Minister Vajpayee which opened a new chapter in his life taking him from the rough and tumble of Organizational Politics to the world of Governance. To read more about Shri Narendra Modi’s personal life story.

Years in Governance

Narendra Modi’s evolution from quintessential Organization Man of the BJP to one of India’s best known leaders recognized for his Good Governance over a span of a decade tells a story of grit, determination and Strong Leadership in the face of grave adversity. Narendra Modi’s transition from the world of Political Organizing to the realm of Administration and Governance neither had the luxury of time nor the benefit of training. Shri Modi had to learn the ropes of Administration while on the job right from Day One. Narendra Modi’s first 100 days in office offer a glimpse of not just how Shri Modi made that personal transition but these 100 days also offer a glimpse of how Shri Modi brought unconventional thinking and out of the box ideas to shake status-quo and reform Governance.

Narendra Modi’s path to creating a Vibrant Gujarat as a shining example of Development and Governance did not come easy. It was a path littered with adversities and challenges. Through the last decade if there is one constant trait of Narendra Modi that has stood out it is his Strong Leadership in the face of grave adversity. Shri Narendra Modi’s approach to governance has always been viewed as being above politics. Shri Modi never let political differences get in the way of pursuing solutions to developmental challenges. As Shri Narendra Modi prepares to assume Office as India’s next Prime Minister, his approach to Administration and Governance stands out for its convergent thinking. The finest manifestation of Shri Modi’s philosophy of “Minimum Government, Maximum Governance” is his Pancha-Amrut construct for convergent Governance.

His performance is reflected in the many Awards his government received from both National and International media. Shri Narendra Modi as India’s Prime Minister brings with him a rich and hands-on experience as one of India’s most successful Chief Ministers and one of its finest of Administrators.

Written by ~ CHARITHARDHA ( Sr.SEO EXECUTIVE at MDN EDIFY)

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LIFE HISTORY OF BARACK OBAMA

Full Name: Barack Obama
Nationality: American

Profession: 44th US President
Political Party: Democratic
Political Titles: United States Senator from Illinois

Presidential Term: In office since 20th January, 2009
Preceded By: George W. Bush

Why Famous: First US African-American President; tasked with dealing with the Great Recession, brought in ‘Obamacare’, and became 1st President to support same-sex marriage.

Born: 4th August, 1961 (55 years old)
Star Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Honolulu, Hawaii, USA

        Married Life

  • 1992-10-03 Future US President Barack Obama (31) weds fellow lawyer Michelle Robinson (28) in Chicago, Illinois.

    Historical Events in the Life of Barack Obama

  • 1995-07-18 “Dreams from My Father”, a memoir by Barack Obama is published by Times Books
  • 2008-08-27 Barack Obama becomes the first African-American to be nominated by a major political party for President of the United States
  • 2008-11-04 Barack Obama becomes the first African-American to be elected President of the United States
  • 2008-12-09 The Governor of Illinois, Rod Blagojevich, is arrested by federal officials for a number of alleged crimes including attempting to sell the United States Senate seat being vacated by President-elect Barack Obama’s election to the Presidency
  • 2009-01-20 Barack Obama, inaugurated as the 44th President of the United States of America, becomes the United States’ first African-American president
  • 2010-12-22 The repeal of the Don’t Ask Don’t Tell policy, the 17-year-old policy banning on homosexuals serving openly in the United States military, was signed into law by President Barack Obama.
  • 2011-04-27 U.S. President Barack Obama, coerced by incessant false “birther” accusations, publicly releases a copy of his birth certificate
  • 2011-10-01 Martin Dempsey is appointed US Joint Chiefs of Staff by President Obama
  • 2012-04-03 US President Barack Obama officially secures Democratic presidential nomination
  • 2012-05-09 United States President Barack Obama officially states his support for same sex marriage
  • 2012-09-06 Barack Obama accepts the Democratic nomination for US President
  • 2012-11-06 Barack Obama re-elected as US President
  • 2012-11-10 The final US presidential election results are declared after Barack Obama wins Florida to defeat Mitt Romney 332-206 in Electoral College votes
  • 2013-04-23 A 1% flash crash hits the US stock market after a news agency was hacked and claimed injury to President Obama
  • 2014-02-05 US President Obama and journalists globally call for the release of 3 Al Jazeera journalists detained in Egypt
  • 2014-02-21 US President Barack Obama meets with the Dalai Lama
  • 2014-03-01 US President Barack Obama warns Russian President Vladimir Putin over involvement in Ukraine
  • 2014-05-29 President Obama approves US military training of ‘moderate’ Syrian rebels to fight the regime of Bashar Assad and al Qaeda-linked groups
  • 2014-06-03 President Obama announces his plan for a $1 billion fund to increase deployment of US troops to Europe
  • 2014-07-01 The US Supreme Court rules that family-owned corporations can reject provision of ‘Obamacare’ on religious grounds
  • 2014-07-27 Obama reaffirms Israel’s “right to defend itself”, but condemns civilian casualties in Gaza
  • 2014-08-05 Obama signs The Iron Dome Bill providing $225 million in additional funding for Israel’s Iron Dome defense
  • 2014-09-15 President Obama annouces the US will send 3,000 troops to help combat spread of the Ebola virus
  • 2014-11-08 US President Obama authorises deployment of 1500 additional troops to help train and advise Iraqi and Kurdish forces fighting Islamic State militants
  • 2014-11-20 Nearly 5 million illegal migrants in the US will have the threat of deportation deferred, after President Barack Obama announces sweeping immigration changes
  • 2014-11-23 Republicans condemn US President Obama’s use of executive powers to force through immigration reform
  • 2014-12-02 Elizabeth Lauten, an aide to a Republican congressman resigns after her online criticism of President Barack Obama’s teenage daughters
  • 2015-03-09 US President Barack Obama signs an executive order declaring Venezuela a national security threat to the US
  • 2015-04-11 Barack Obama and Raul Castro meet in Panama, the 1st meeting of US and Cuban heads of state since the Cuban Revolution
  • 2015-06-25 Obamacare subsidies in The Affordable Care Act preserved by US Supreme Court Ruling in King v Burwell 6-3
  • 2015-07-24 US President Barack Obama begins an historic 2 day visit to Kenya
  • 2015-08-03 US President Obama unveils his Clean Power Plan to cut greenhouse gases
  • 2015-08-31 President Obama officially re-designates Alaska’s Mt. McKinley as Denali, its native American name
  • 2015-08-31 US President Barak Obama arrives in Alaska on a 3 day tour highlighting climate change
  • 2015-09-02 US President Barak Obama becomes the first president to visit the Arctic Circle at Kotzebue, Alaska
  • 2015-09-14 14 yr old Texan Ahmed Mohamed arrested at school when home-made clock assumed to be a bomb – Mark Zuckerberg and US President Barack Obama send supportive tweets
  • 2015-09-22 Pope Francis is greeted by President Obama and Vice President Biden as he arrives for his 6 day tour of the US
  • 2015-10-07 US President Barack Obama apologies to Doctors without Borders President and the President of Afghanistan for the bombing of a hospital in Kunduz
  • 2015-11-12 Out Magazine names Barack Obama ‘Ally of the Year’, Obama becomes 1st sitting US President to pose for cover of a gay magazine
  • 2016-02-03 US President Barak Obama visits his first US mosque – the Islamic Society of Baltimore mosque in Maryland
  • 2016-03-16 US President Barak Obama nominates Merrick Garland as Supreme Court Justice
  • 2016-03-20 Barak Obama becomes the first US President to visit Cuba since 1928, arriving for a 2 day tour
  • 2016-04-21 US President Barack Obama begins a 4 day visit to the UK with and Michelle Obama
  • 2016-05-22 US President Barack Obama arrives in Vietman for a 3 day tour
  • 2016-06-09 US President Barack Obama officially endorses Hillary Clinton as Democratic Presidential nominee.

Written by ~ CHARITHARDHA ( Sr.SEO EXECUTIVE at MDN EDIFY)

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INDIA CELEBRATES HOCKEY PLAYER DHYAN CHAND BIRTHDAY TODAY

On 29th August 1905, field hockey champion Dhyan Chand was born in Allahabad. Dhyan Chand is remembered for his quick goal scoring and for winning three Olympic gold medals for India.

Dhyan Chand Singh, popularly known as Dhyan Chand was born in Allahabad to Sameshwar Dutt, who used to work in the British Army and play hockey in the army as well. Chand’s younger brother, Roop Singh was a prolific hockey player as well. Since Dhyan Chand’s father was in the army, he was transferred to many places across India and finally the family settled in Jhansi, Uttar Pradesh.

As a young boy, Chand had no interest in hockey and the only sport he was fond of was wrestling. Though he did play a few games of hockey casually with friends, Dhyan Chand did not take the sport seriously until later. Dhyan Chand joined the army at the age of 16, which is when he began playing hockey. Dhyan Chand had a habit of practicing hockey at night, when the moon came out (since there were no floodlights in those days). It was because of this that he was named “Chand” which means moon, by his friends.

Between 1922 and 1926 Dhyan Chand played hockey solely for army hockey tournaments. He was soon selected for the Indian Army team which was to tour New Zealand. There the team won 18 matches, and lost 1, while 2 matches were drawn. Chand received tremendous praise from all the spectators. After this, Chand won the first of two test matches against New Zealand. After this victory, Chand was promoted to Lance Naik on his return to India.

The Indian Hockey Federation successfully lobbied to reintroduce field hockey in the Amsterdam Olympics in 1928. An inter-provincial tournament was held in 1925 to choose India’s national hockey team. Five teams took part in the trial and Dhyan Chand was selected from the army to play for the United Provinces team. Impressed by his spectacular performance in the trials, Dhyan Chand was included in the Indian team as a centre forward. At that point the Indian Hockey Federation (IHF) was low on funds, but received no financial support from Indian provinces. Nonetheless, the IHF managed to collect funds and received a quiet send off to England in March and played 11 matches, winning all of them in the Folkestone Festival. It is believed that Britain did not send their team after their national team had been defeated by the Indians at Folkestone.

On 17th May 1928 the Indian National Hockey team made its Olympic debut against Austria in which Chand scored 3 out of the 6 goals. Team India then went on to win all the matches that year and defeated Belgium, Denmark, Switzerland and even the host nation, the Netherlands. Dhyan Chand was the top scorer throughout the tournament and following his impressive performance he popularly came to be known as the “Wizard of Hockey”. A newspaper quoted the following about Dhyan Chand after India’s triumphant victory, “This is not a game of hockey, but magic. Dhyan Chand is in fact the magician of hockey”. On the team’s return back to India, the team was received by thousands of cheering fans, as opposed to the handful of people who had seen the team off at the airport.

Back to serving in the army, Dhyan Chand had lost touch with the IHC. When the inter-Provincial tournaments were being held to select the new Olympics team, the IHC contacted the Army Sports Control Board to allow Chand leave to participate in the nationals. When Chand’s platoon refused, he was selected for the Olympics team without any formalities. Other players however had to prove themselves in the Inter-Provincial tournament, which was eventually won by Punjab. Seven players from Punjab were selected. Chand along with other Olympians, Broome, Eric Pinnigar, Leslie Hammond and Richard Allen were part of the team by default. This team chosen for the Olympics practiced in India before heading to Colombo (Sri Lanka). The Indian team defeated the All Ceylon team by their spectacular performance.

Following this victory the Indian team left for San Francisco for the Olympics which were to take place from 30th July 1932. On 4th August 1932, India played its first match against Japan and won. During the final match against USA on 11th August 1932, India won, scoring not only a gold medal but also setting a world record at that time. During those Olympic Games, Chand and his brother scored 25 out of the 35 goals scored by India, which led their pair being nicknamed as the “Hockey Twins”.

The victorious team then proceeded on a tour of the USA and played another match against the States which they won again. After leaving from New York the Indian team reached England, from where they embarked on a tour across various countries like Germany, Holland and Hungary. By the end of the tour, India had played 37 matches out of which it won 34 matches, 2 matches were drawn and one was abandoned. Out of the 338 goals India had scored, Chand scored 133 of them.

In December 1934 the IHF decided to send a team to New Zealand. Chand and his brother Roop Singh were selected in this team, Dhyan Chand, as captain. In a subsequent tour, India played 48 matches, 28 in New Zealand and the rest in Ceylon and Australia. India won all the matches. Of those 48 matches, Chand played in 43 and scored 201 goals.

Once again after returning to India, Dhyan Chand resumed his duty with the army. In December 1935, the IHC again held an Inter-Provincial Tournament to select players for the Olympics team. Dhyan Chand’s platoon again refused to let him go and once again he was selected in the hockey team without any formalities. Dhyan Chand and the Indian team went on to win the Berlin Olympics in 1936 where he was honoured with the Olive Crown. Later in November 1947, Dhyan Chand was a part of India’s tour to East Africa where they won all the matches.

After returning from East Africa, Dhyan Chand reduced his involvement with serious hockey and only played a few matches. At the age of 51, in 1956 Dhyan Chand retired from the army as a Major and was honoured with the Padma Bhushan by the Government of India in the same year. Following his retirement, Dhyan Chand coached hockey players in Mount Abu. Post his retirement; Dhyan Chand also held the position of Chief Hockey Coach at the National Institute of Sports in Patiala for many years.

Dhyan Chand passed away on 3rd December 1979 in Delhi, due to liver cancer. Even after his death, Dhyan Chand remains a legend in the field of hockey. His birthday, 29th August is celebrated as National Sports Day every year and the President of India gives away sports related awards, like the Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award and the Dronacharya Award at the Rashtrapati Bhawan on this day.

The 20th National Award 2012, the Gem of India, awarded by the Union Minister of India, was given to Dhyan Chand. The award was received by Dhyan Chand’s son, Ashok Dhyan Chand (a hockey Olympian in his own right) on behalf of his deceased father.

The Dhyan Chand Award, India’s highest award for lifetime achievement in sports is awarded every year to sportspeople who contribute to sports not only by their performance, but also after their retirement. In 2002, the National Stadium in Delhi was renamed the Major Dhyan Chand National Stadium in his honour. Apart from India, even the Astro-turf hockey pitch at the India Gymkhana in London is named after Dhyan Chand. A tube station in London is also named after this hockey legend.

There are also many interesting anecdotes associated with Dhyan Chand. It is believed that Adolf Hitler offered Dhyan Chand the position of Major in the British India Army after watching his spectacular performance in the 1936 Berlin Olympics, German citizenship and also offered to promote him to the position of Colonel in the army. But Dhyan Chand refused this offer.

Dhyan Chand’s autobiography, “Goal” was published in 1952 in Chennai and he will always be remembered as a legendary sportsperson who won India many awards and accolades.

Written by ~ CHARITHARDHA ( Sr.SEO EXECUTIVE at MDN EDIFY)

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INDIA CELEBRATES MOTHER TERESA 106th BIRTH ANNIVERSARY

Introduction: Mother Teresa’s real name was Anjeze Gonxhe Bojaxhiu. She was born on 27th August, 1910 in Yugoslavia. Her parents were very simple and kind hearted.

Early Life: From her very childhood, she was very kinds and soft-hearted girl. Anjeze was a devout Christian. She joined the Loreto Nuns in Dublin, Ireland. She was then only seventeen years old. She came to India in 1928. She took training to be a sister of Loreto. She came to be known as Sister Teresa. She joined Loreto Convent at Entally as geography teacher. She felt pity for the poor slum dwellers living opposite the convent she wanted to serve them. She then got permission from, Pope and started her mission.

Career: She started a free school for the poor children. The school began to grow and was named ‘Nirmal Hriday’. In 1950, she founded a new religious order ‘Missionaries of Charity’. Her activities began to spread. People began to call her Mother Teresa for her motherly affection towards the suffering people.

She also founded ‘Nirmal Shishu Bhavan’ for the orphan children. A Home in Gobra was founded for the lepers. Donations began to come from many countries of the world.

Awards: Mother Teresa received Padma-Shri Award, The Nehru Award, The Magsaysay Award, and The Pope John XXII Award. Finally she received the Noble Prize in 1979 for Peace and International Understanding.

Conclusion: This great soul passed away in on 5th of September, 1997 in Kolkata. There are some people among the vast population of the world whose names are familiar to all by their service and love to the humanity. Mother Teresa is one of them.

Written by ~ CHARITHARDHA ( Sr.SEO EXECUTIVE at MDN EDIFY)

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MODIS STRONG STRATEGY FOR UPCOMING 3 OLYMPICS

P.M. Narendra Modi’s Strong urge towards upcoming olympics has been granted. For next coming 3 olympics there is a special team which looks after the athletes for getting more medals .

  1. Task force to prepare action plan for the next three Olympic Games.
  2. Will plan strategy for facilities, training and selection of athletes.
  3. Team will have experts from both within the country and abroad.

The country had sent a contingent of 118 athletes to the Rio Olympics this year, but could win only two medals – a silver and a bronze. Now, Prime Minister Narendra Modi has announced that a task force will be set up in the next few days to prepare a comprehensive action plan for the next three Olympic Games.

The task force – which will include experts from both within the country and abroad – will prep an overall strategy for sports facilities, training and selection of athletes for the 2020 Tokyo Olympics and also for the 2024 and 2028 games.

The performance of India at the Rio Olympics has highlighted the poor facilities and training provided to the most of the country’s sportspersons.

Badminton ace PV Sindhu’s silver and wrestler Sakshi Malik’s bronze ensured India did not return home empty handed from Rio. A heartwarming performance by gymnast Dipa Karmakar, who missed a medal by a whisker, was also a highlight of the Rio Games for India.

But as Dipa was celebrated, attention was also drawn to the fact that for many years the champion had to train on makeshift equipment fashioned out of the parts of an old scooter by her coach.

There is also much criticism since the games of the influence politicians wield in national and state level sports bodies. Many of these politicians were spotted site-seeing in Rio during the Olympics.

written by ~ charithardha. (Sr. seo executive at MDN edify).

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FORMER CABINET SECRETARY SUBRAMANIAN WANTS THE NEW EDUCATION POLICY

Former Cabinet Secretary and Head of the committee on the policy of new type of education policy, T.S.R. Subramanian has said to the audience.

The title of your committee on the new education policy was changed from ‘drafting committee’ to ‘evolution committee’. Now your report is being called ‘inputs’. Has its importance been watered down?

I don’t know if the expectation was that we would praise the system. We have done wholesale criticism… The main reason why the report was not published and extracts were given was that this criticism should not come to the public. Unfortunately, there is nothing to praise. We showed the reality. It has nothing to do with A or B but shows 70 years of misgovernance.

What is your opinion about the name being changed?

If a good policy comes, I don’t think credit needs to be given to anybody in particular. As a country we can’t wait now. See where Korea is. See what China has done. When will we change things?

There were wide-ranging consultations last year and they are going on even now. Does it make sense?

Hopefully, the system is poised to announce the decisions. I do not see this as a reopening of issues. I see it as consolidation of reactions. Inputs won’t come from Mars; so another three years’ examination won’t help. But I think the Minister is keen — he is correctly not looking at one person, source or report. Education policy is too important a thing to be attributed to one person, party or idea. It will affect the entire country. What matters is what solutions come. Cosmetic changes will be disastrous.

What is the way forward on the policy?

Each of these 95 recommendations can be converted into policy, modified or rejected. It has details on how things are to be done. In 1986, they did not have a framework committee to convert policy into action points. There was no time-frame. It is for the Ministry to decide. But that, in my opinion, is absolutely essential. There should also be monitoring. Otherwise, any new policy will be in the air.

Former HRD minister and Congress leader Kapil Sibal said there was nothing in your report to ensure access, quality and equity. Any comments?

My most charitable comment would be he is a very busy man probably defending Rahul (Gandhi). Maybe he did not get time (to read it). From the first to the last page, the report is about the need to reduce inequality and improve quality. We have also said that, thanks to Sibal, the problem of availability of education was solved to some extent.

There has been criticism that your committee lacked real educationists.

I have been chancellor of a university for three years. I have an educational programme for poor children. As chief secretary, I went to Washington for the first World Bank programme on education for all. I have been to Imperial College and Harvard. The others in the committee had educational experience. Educational field has many kinds of expertise — pedagogy, school, infrastructure, training, management, financing, etc. If anyone says he knows all about it, he is fraud.

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